The Body Count: Controlling Populations in Unity State

the Small Arms Survey
Situation Update

Situation Update: Unity, South Sudan

Nguen Monytuil Wejang is one of the longest serving governors in South Sudan. In Unity state, he has maintained his rule by fragmenting the opposition, violently displacing the population, and assembling a diverse political coalition. However, with elections postulated for 2024, and electioneering in full swing, cracks are appearing in Monytuil's control of Unity, with the internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps of Rubkona county transformed into the frontline of a political competition for the state.
The Body Count: Controlling Populations in South Sudan’s Unity State—a new Situation Update from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan (HSBA) project—discusses Nguen Monytuil Wejang’s reign, its violence, and its attempts to control both populations and humanitarian resources.

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Key findings


In Nguen’s long shadow

The opposition vanishes

The war of the camps

Assault by other means

Implications for the international community

This Situation Update was funded by a grant from the United States Department of State. The opinions, findings, and conclusions stated herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.

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Keywords: Unity State