A Tale of Two Lot Numbers: The Illicit Proliferation of Hand Grenades in Ukraine

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 15 September, 2021

'Ukraine has a grenade problem. In recent years, thousands of the inexpensive, easy-to-use weapons have found their way into the hands of criminals and other unauthorized end-users throughout the country. The wayward grenades are part of a broader problem of illicit proliferation of small arms, light weapons, and their ammunition that has plagued Ukraine since Russian-backed separatists launched their uprising in 2014.

Targeting Ammunition: A Primer

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 29 July, 2021

As has frequently been observed, ammunition and weapons are inextricably linked; without the former the latter cannot function. The effective regulation and control of the production, transfer, storage and destruction of ammunition is therefore vital to broader efforts to prevent, reduce and combat uncontrolled or illicit small arms and light weapons (SALW) holdings and flows.

Ammunition Tracing Kit: Protocols and procedures for recording small-calibre ammunition

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 15 July, 2021

The Ammunition Tracing Kit is designed to enable rapid, reliable, and responsible reporting of small-calibre ammunition in a variety of circumstances. It provides instructions for reporting on ammunition recovered at crime scenes and on cartridges collected during disarmament or weapons collection programmes; it also supplies guidelines for investigating parties to armed conflict or crime.

Small Arms Survey Podcast #15: A Fresh Approach to Ammunition Demilitarization: Guiding policies to reduce excess stockpiles

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 3 June, 2021

The Regional Approach to Stockpile Reduction (RASR) initiative encourages nine affected South-east European governments to develop a pro-active, coordinated, regional approach to secure and destroy excess stockpiles. The RASR initiative's aim is to prevent disastrous explosions and misuse of conventional weapons and munitions.

Scraping the Barrel: The Trade in Surplus Ammunition (Issue Brief 2)

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 25 January, 2021

Small arms and light weapons need ammunition. Government forces and armed groups cannot wage battle or train their troops without a sustained supply of ammunition, and its availability determines the type of weapons used in most of the conflicts around the world. The surplus ammunition market provides the buyers with cheap, easily available, and compatible rounds. It also allows the suppliers to reduce potentially obsolete national stockpiles, and to benefit from the revenues of surplus sales.

An Introductory Guide to the Identification of Small Arms, Light Weapons, and Associated Ammunition

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 16 December, 2020

Arms and ammunition are evidence. Many weapons carry marks that, combined with their physical characteristics, reveal important information about them, including their manufacturer, age, and origin. This information, in turn, provides vital clues about the sources and flows of weapons in the area in which they were found.

A Practical Guide to Life-cycle Management of Ammunition

Submitted by Lionel Kosirnik on 16 December, 2020

Ammunition is an expensive commodity and an essential resource for the implementation of a national defence and security policy. However, national ammunition stockpiles can also pose risks to national security and public safety. Poor accounting and inadequate physical security of storage facilities can facilitate the diversion of ammunition from the national stockpile to terrorists, criminals, and other armed groups, increasing insecurity and instability.